MDOT 640 Bus Rapid Transit

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Original Date: February 7, 2017
Revised: May 18, 2018
Effective Date: October 1, 2018
Note:There may be formatting differences between the electronic policy and the signed policy. 
MDOTMaryland Department of Transportation signed policy supersedes all information provided on this page. 
Printed copies of this page only valid for this date: March 25, 2019

MDOT 640 Bus Rapid Transit


The purpose of this Policy is to:

  1. Define Bus Rapid Transit (BRTBus Rapid Transit); and
  2. Guide MDOTMaryland Department of Transportation involvement in BRTBus Rapid Transit planning, design, construction, and operation.


§ 7-102 et seq., Transportation Article, Annotated Code of Maryland

§ 2-103.1 et seq., Transportation Article, Annotated Code of Maryland

US DOT FTAFederal Transit AdministrationFederal Transit Administration Final Interim Policy Guidance Federal Transit AdministrationShall mean any one of the Administrations within the Maryland Department of Transportation, as listed in GP 1.02. Capital Investment Grant Program


This Policy is applicable to all MDOTMaryland Department of Transportation employees, contract employees, contractors, and consultants, and supersedes any Transportation BusinessA corporation, partnership, individual, sole proprietorship, joint venture, or any other legal entity through which commercial activity is conducted. Unit (TBUTransportation Business Unit) BRTBus Rapid Transit related procedures or processes.

Responsible Party

Deputy SecretaryThe chief executive officer of the Maryland Department of Transportation. of Policy, Planning, and Enterprise Services

Policy Statement

  1. Bus Rapid Transit (BRTBus Rapid Transit) is intended to provide a high-quality bus-based transit system that delivers fast, comfortable, reliable and cost-effective transit services in high activity corridors.
  2. The BRTBus Rapid Transit system goal is for the project corridor or corridors to enhance regional bus transit performance by reducing travel times, improving trip reliability, enhancing system recognition, branding and innovation, improving safety and security, maximizing bus carrying capacity and comfort, and improving regional transit connectivity, while maintaining acceptable performance of the StateThe State of Maryland acting through its authorized representative.’s highway system, as discussed on page 10 of the BRTBus Rapid Transit Brochure.
  3. BRTBus Rapid Transit is one of many planning solutions available to MDOTMaryland Department of Transportation where applicable and when resources are available. The MDOTMaryland Department of Transportation’s participation in BRTBus Rapid Transit projects and services is weighed against competing investment priorities for limited available funding through the capital programming process as delineated in the CTPConsolidated Transportation ProgramConsolidated Transportation Plan.
  4. BRTBus Rapid Transit systems can link with statewide transit systems and enable our customers to easily use transit service. All BRTBus Rapid Transit systems will comply with the Locally Operated Transit Systems (LOTSLocally Operated Transit System) manual.
  5. The agency or local government providing transit service to the affected counties is responsible for the BRTBus Rapid Transit planning, development, and operation and may receive guidance and assistance from MDOTMaryland Department of Transportation.


For the purposes of this Policy, the following words have the following meanings:

  1. Bus Rapid Transit (BRTBus Rapid Transit) means a high-quality flexible bus-based rapid transit system that delivers fast and efficient service that meets Federal Transit AdministrationShall mean any one of the Administrations within the Maryland Department of Transportation, as listed in GP 1.02. (FTAFederal Transit AdministrationFederal Transit Administration) criteria and may include one or more or a combination of transit facilities. BRTBus Rapid Transit can include dedicated bus lanes, dedicated bus stations typically aligned to the center of the road, off-board fare collection, and fast and frequent operations.
  2. Transit Facility means any one or more or a combination of tracks, rights-of-way, bridges, tunnels, subways, rolling stock, stations, terminals, ports, parking areas, equipment, fixtures, buildings, structures, other real or personal property, and services incidental to or useful or designed for use in connection with the rendering of transit service by any means, including rail, bus, motor vehicle, or other mode of transportation, but does not include any railroad facility.
  3. Transportation Need means an objective statement of fact, in accordance with purpose and need guidance, that articulates the transportation problem being addressed.
  4. Regional Transportation System means one or more or a combination of transit facilities and services, bicycle and pedestrian facilities, road traffic patterns and volumes, and parking.
  5. Proposing Entity means MDOTMaryland Department of Transportation, MDOTMaryland Department of Transportation TBUTransportation Business Unit, a county, a municipality, or a metropolitan planning organization.
  6. Master Plan means an adopted plan that may include recommendations for zoning, staging of development and public improvements, and public services to implement the area general plan.
  7. Locally Operated Transit Service (LOTSLocally Operated Transit System) means systems that operate public transportation and receive funding under one or more of the programs administered by the MDOTMaryland Department of Transportation Maryland Transit AdministrationShall mean any one of the Administrations within the Maryland Department of Transportation, as listed in GP 1.02.’s Office of Local Transit Support.

See Also