101 CLEARING AND GRUBBING

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101.01 DESCRIPTION.
Clear and grub within the specified limits.
101.01.01 Definitions.
(a) Clearing. The removal and disposal of trees, fallen timber and rotten wood, brush, shrubs, vegetation, rubbish, fences, and structures not specified in the Contract DocumentsThe written agreement executed between an Administration and the successful bidder, covering the performance of the work and furnishing of labor, equipment and materials, by which the Contractor is bound to perform the work and furnish the labor, equipment and materials, and by which the Administration is obligated to compensate him therefore at the mutually established and accepted rate or price. The Contract Documents shall include the Invitation for Bids, Notice to Contractors, Instructions to Bidders, Proposal, Contract Forms and Bonds, General Provisions, Specifications, Supplemental Specifications, all Special Provisions, all Technical Provisions, all Plans and Notices to Proceed, also any written Change Orders and Supplemental Agreements that are required to complete the construction of the work in an acceptable manner, including authorized extension thereof for removal and disposal. Unless otherwise specified, clearing outside the LOD includes the removal of rubbish only.
(b) Grubbing. An earth-disturbing activity, which includes the removing from the ground and disposing of all stumps, roots and stubs, brush, and debris.
(c) Limits of Disturbance (LOD). The maximum allowable limit of earth disturbance as delineated in the Contract DocumentsThe written agreement executed between an Administration and the successful bidder, covering the performance of the work and furnishing of labor, equipment and materials, by which the Contractor is bound to perform the work and furnish the labor, equipment and materials, and by which the Administration is obligated to compensate him therefore at the mutually established and accepted rate or price. The Contract Documents shall include the Invitation for Bids, Notice to Contractors, Instructions to Bidders, Proposal, Contract Forms and Bonds, General Provisions, Specifications, Supplemental Specifications, all Special Provisions, all Technical Provisions, all Plans and Notices to Proceed, also any written Change Orders and Supplemental Agreements that are required to complete the construction of the work in an acceptable manner, including authorized extension thereof. When not delineated in the Contract DocumentsThe written agreement executed between an Administration and the successful bidder, covering the performance of the work and furnishing of labor, equipment and materials, by which the Contractor is bound to perform the work and furnish the labor, equipment and materials, and by which the Administration is obligated to compensate him therefore at the mutually established and accepted rate or price. The Contract Documents shall include the Invitation for Bids, Notice to Contractors, Instructions to Bidders, Proposal, Contract Forms and Bonds, General Provisions, Specifications, Supplemental Specifications, all Special Provisions, all Technical Provisions, all Plans and Notices to Proceed, also any written Change Orders and Supplemental Agreements that are required to complete the construction of the work in an acceptable manner, including authorized extension thereof, the LOD will be 10 feet beyond the top of cut, toe of slope, or limit of ditch excavation. Do not perform earth-disturbing activities beyond the LOD without authorization.
(d) Limits. Clearing and grubbing is confined to the LOD and authorized modifications to the LOD. When indicated in the Contract DocumentsThe written agreement executed between an Administration and the successful bidder, covering the performance of the work and furnishing of labor, equipment and materials, by which the Contractor is bound to perform the work and furnish the labor, equipment and materials, and by which the Administration is obligated to compensate him therefore at the mutually established and accepted rate or price. The Contract Documents shall include the Invitation for Bids, Notice to Contractors, Instructions to Bidders, Proposal, Contract Forms and Bonds, General Provisions, Specifications, Supplemental Specifications, all Special Provisions, all Technical Provisions, all Plans and Notices to Proceed, also any written Change Orders and Supplemental Agreements that are required to complete the construction of the work in an acceptable manner, including authorized extension thereof, the limit of clearing may include the area between the LOD and the right-of-way or easement lines.
(e) Grading Unit. A contiguous area of erodible material exposed at one time, not to exceed 20 acres.
(f) Disturbed Area. An area where erodible material is exposed by construction activities.
(g) Stabilization Measures. Activities that prevent erosion. These activities include the placement of temporary mulch, temporary seed, permanent seeding such as turfgrass establishment, soil stabilization matting, riprap, stone aggregate, and asphalt or concrete paving. The placement of one or more of these temporary or permanent stabilization measures to the satisfaction of the EngineerAny person designated by the Administrator or the procurement officer, acting directly or through his duly authorized representative, such representative acting within the scope of the particular duties assigned to him or of the authority given him. will meet the requirements for proceeding to the next grading unit or operation.
101.02 MATERIALS.
Not applicable.
101.03 CONSTRUCTION.
101.03.01 Erosion and Sediment Control. Unless otherwise specified or approved, limit the clearing and grubbing area to a single 20-acre grading unit per grading operation. Once this first unit is half graded and stabilization measures are in place and approved, the work may proceed to a second 20-acre grading unit. When approved by the EngineerAny person designated by the Administrator or the procurement officer, acting directly or through his duly authorized representative, such representative acting within the scope of the particular duties assigned to him or of the authority given him., the clearing and grubbing area may exceed the one grading unit requirement when necessary to balance earthwork or when grading interchanges. Maintain erosion and sediment controls as specified.
The grading operation will be limited to the ContractorAny person having a Contract with a procurement agency. Contractor does not include an employee with an employment Contract, or an employee organization with a collective bargaining agreement.’s ability to provide adequate resources to perform the grading in a timely manner and to provide and maintain the proper erosion and sediment control measures. The EngineerAny person designated by the Administrator or the procurement officer, acting directly or through his duly authorized representative, such representative acting within the scope of the particular duties assigned to him or of the authority given him. is the final authority in this determination. When wet soil conditions are encountered, the clearing, grubbing, and grading of another unit will be allowed, once stabilization of the initial unit is approved.
The maximum area that may be cleared and grubbed is limited to a single grading unit unless otherwise specified and approved. WorkWork shall be understood to mean the furnishing of all labor, materials, equipment, and other incidentals necessary to the successful completion of the project and the carrying out of all the duties and obligations imposed by the Contract. may proceed to a subsequent grading unit once at least 50 percent of the current grading unit is stabilized as determined and approved by the Regional Environmental Coordinator. Unless specifically approved, no more than 30 acres cumulatively may be disturbed at any given time.
101.03.02 Tree Preservation Areas and Tree Branch Pruning. Trees, shrubs and plants to remain in place will be designated on the plans in conformance with Section 120 or will be designated by the EngineerAny person designated by the Administrator or the procurement officer, acting directly or through his duly authorized representative, such representative acting within the scope of the particular duties assigned to him or of the authority given him..
(a) Protect Tree Preservation Areas and other designated plants in conformance with GP-7.11 and as specified in Section 120.
(b) Perform Tree Branch Pruning in conformance with Section 712. Cut and trim tree branches overhanging paved areas of the roadway to maintain a vertical clearance of 16 ft above the pavement, or conform to the specifications of any Tree Preservation Plan developed by the AdministrationShall mean any one of the Administrations within the Maryland Department of Transportation, as listed in GP 1.02..
101.03.03 Fences. Remove and dispose of all fences within the right of way, unless otherwise specified.
101.03.04 Mailboxes. Remove and reset mailboxes as directed.
101.03.05 Grubbing.
(a) Excavation Areas. Remove all embedded stumps and roots to a depth of at least 3 ft below the subgrade or slope surface. Refill all depressions made below the subgrade or slope surfaces with materials suitable for embankment and compact as specified in Section 204.
(b) Low Embankments. Grub areas where the total depth of the embankment is less than 3 ft.
(c) High Embankments. In areas where the embankment is 3 ft or more in depth, cut off trees and stumps as close to the ground as practical but not greater than 1 ft above the ground surface. Near the toe of embankment slopes, remove trees and stumps that are within 1 ft of the slope surface.
(d) Stormwater Management (SWMStormwater Management) Facilities. In areas specified for SWMStormwater Management facilities, grub excavation areas and embankments as specified in 101.03.05 (a) and (b) regardless of the total depth of the embankment. When SWMStormwater Management facility embankments include embankment cores, grub to a depth at least equal to the depth of the cut-off trench.
101.03.06 Stream and Channel Changes. When an LOD is not specified, clear and grub 5 ft beyond the top of the cut slopes or as directed.
101.03.07 Disposal.
(a) Burning. Burn only under the constant care of a watchperson and according to applicable laws and ordinances of respective jurisdictions.
(b) Disposal Locations. Remove from the right-of-way and dispose of all unburned material and debris. Make all necessary arrangements to obtain suitable disposal locations. Furnish the EngineerAny person designated by the Administrator or the procurement officer, acting directly or through his duly authorized representative, such representative acting within the scope of the particular duties assigned to him or of the authority given him. with a copy of resulting agreements.
(c) Wood Disposal. If disposal of wood to the public is proposed, submit the disposal plan to the District EngineerAny person designated by the Administrator or the procurement officer, acting directly or through his duly authorized representative, such representative acting within the scope of the particular duties assigned to him or of the authority given him. for review, and obtain approval prior to beginning the clearing and grubbing operation. Perform this method of disposal from a location that is off the job site.
(d) Ash Tree Quarantine. Wood of Ash trees of the genus Fraxinus is quarantined, and may not be moved outside the State of Maryland.
101.03.08 Damage to Trees and Other Protected Resources.
(a) Ensure that the LOD and all protected resources are demarcated as specified in Section 107.
(b) Perform damage repair and damage compensation as specified in Section 712 for damage beyond the LOD due to work operations. Refer to Occupying Wetlands provisions in the Contract DocumentsThe written agreement executed between an Administration and the successful bidder, covering the performance of the work and furnishing of labor, equipment and materials, by which the Contractor is bound to perform the work and furnish the labor, equipment and materials, and by which the Administration is obligated to compensate him therefore at the mutually established and accepted rate or price. The Contract Documents shall include the Invitation for Bids, Notice to Contractors, Instructions to Bidders, Proposal, Contract Forms and Bonds, General Provisions, Specifications, Supplemental Specifications, all Special Provisions, all Technical Provisions, all Plans and Notices to Proceed, also any written Change Orders and Supplemental Agreements that are required to complete the construction of the work in an acceptable manner, including authorized extension thereof for unauthorized impacts to wetlands, wetland buffers, Waters of the United States (WUS), and floodplains.
101.04 MEASUREMENT AND PAYMENT.
Clearing and Grubbing will not be measured but will be paid for at the Contract lump sum price. The payment will be full compensation for the removal and disposal of fences, removal and resetting of mailboxes, damage repair and compensation for trees, restoration measures for damaged or destroyed protected resources, repair to other damaged properties, removal and disposal of existing buildings when not covered as a specific pay item in the Contract DocumentsThe written agreement executed between an Administration and the successful bidder, covering the performance of the work and furnishing of labor, equipment and materials, by which the Contractor is bound to perform the work and furnish the labor, equipment and materials, and by which the Administration is obligated to compensate him therefore at the mutually established and accepted rate or price. The Contract Documents shall include the Invitation for Bids, Notice to Contractors, Instructions to Bidders, Proposal, Contract Forms and Bonds, General Provisions, Specifications, Supplemental Specifications, all Special Provisions, all Technical Provisions, all Plans and Notices to Proceed, also any written Change Orders and Supplemental Agreements that are required to complete the construction of the work in an acceptable manner, including authorized extension thereof, and material, labor, equipment, tools, and incidentals necessary to complete the work.
101.04.01 Tree Branch Pruning to remove branches overhanging paved areas, and any other Tree Branch Pruning specified in the Contract DocumentsThe written agreement executed between an Administration and the successful bidder, covering the performance of the work and furnishing of labor, equipment and materials, by which the Contractor is bound to perform the work and furnish the labor, equipment and materials, and by which the Administration is obligated to compensate him therefore at the mutually established and accepted rate or price. The Contract Documents shall include the Invitation for Bids, Notice to Contractors, Instructions to Bidders, Proposal, Contract Forms and Bonds, General Provisions, Specifications, Supplemental Specifications, all Special Provisions, all Technical Provisions, all Plans and Notices to Proceed, also any written Change Orders and Supplemental Agreements that are required to complete the construction of the work in an acceptable manner, including authorized extension thereof, will be paid for separately at the Contract lump sum price.